General - With Alpha Grade Conversion Scale

Updated in July 2010

CREDIT:  The semester "unit" or "credit hour" represents one lecture or class period (52 minutes) a week for one semester. For students enrolled in the J.D., LL.M. in Taxation, LL.M. in Intellectual Property & Technology Law and M.J.S. programs, the full time course load is a minimum of 12 units per semester. For students enrolled in the LL.M. in U.S. Law (Master of Laws) program and Exchange Students, the full time course load is a minimum of 8 units per semester.

GRADING SYSTEM

Effective Fall 1994, Washington University School of Law discontinued ranking J.D. students. (Only students in the top 5% are informed of their rank.)

Effective with the J.D. Class of 2004:  the Washington University School of Law instituted a grading system with a scale of 70 to 100.  Effective with that graduating class, the middle score in the scale was changed from an 83 to an 87. With this new scale, a grade of 74 or better is necessary to earn credit in a course. A 79 average is necessary to remain in good standing overall (and for the 2L year) in the new scale. 

        Effective with the J.D. Class of 2004, the conversion scale is:   
        A+ = 100 - 97;  A = 96 - 94;  A- = 93 - 91;  B+ = 90 - 88;  B = 87 - 85;  B- = 84 - 82;  C = 81 - 79;  D = 78 - 74;  F = 73 - 70.

Effective Fall 1979 and ending with the J.D. Class of 2003:  the Washington University School of Law instituted a grading system with a scale of 65 to 100.  For J.D. students, a grade of 70 or better is necessary to earn credit in a course and a 75 average is necessary to remain in good standing each year and overall. 

        Effective Fall 1979 and ending with the J.D. Class of 2003, the conversion scale was:  
        A+ = 100 - 98;  A = 97 - 90;  B+ = 89 - 88; B =   87 - 83; C+ = 82 - 81; C =   80 - 75;  D = 74 - 70;  F = 69 - 65.

LL.M. in Taxation

Grading System: Grading scale same as above.
    Effective with the LL.M. in Tax Class of 2004:  The lowest pasing grade is a 79 and students do not have a minimum GPA requirement. 
    Ending with the LL.M. in Tax Class of 2003: The lowest passing grade was a 75 and students did not have a minimum GPA requirement.

LL.M. in Taxation students are not ranked; however, one student at the end of each school year with the highest final GPA receives the Gary Boren Memorial Award. 

LL.M. in Intellectual Property & Technology Law

Grading System: Grading scale same as above. 
    Effective 2007-2008: The lowest passing grade is a 74 and in order to graduate a student must have earned a cumulative GPA of at least 79 
    Prior to 2007-2008:  The lowest passing grade was a 79 and students did not have a minimum GPA requirement.

Students in the IP LLM program are not ranked; however, one student at the end of each school year with the highest cumulative GPA receives the Intellectual Property & Technology Law Award.

LL.M. in U.S. Law (Master of Laws)

Grading System:  
     Effective 2010-2011: Grading scale same as above. The lowest passing grade is a 74.  LL.M. in U.S. Law students are graded anonymously. Students in this program are not ranked.
     Prior to 2010-2011:  High Pass / Pass / No Credit. [See explanation of grades at /registrar/pages.aspx?id=4918.]

Additional Grade Codes:

AUD - Audit
PW - Permitted to withdraw
HP - High Pass
RW - Required to withdraw
P - Pass
N - Grade not recorded
LP - Low Pass
I - Incomplete
CR or CR# - Credit
RX - Re-examined in course
NCR or NCR# - No Credit
R - Course Repeated
CIP - Course in Progress
IP - In Progress


Notations:

Academic Probation -- Placed on academic probation (as a result of having a cum GPA between 78.50 - 78.99 at the end of an entire school year, or a yearly GPA between 78.50 - 78.99 at the end of the 2L year.)
Academic Termination -- Not eligible to continue due to poor scholarship (as a result of having a cum GPA of less than 78.50 at the end of an entire school year, or a yearly GPA below 78.50 at the end of the 2L year)  Student may petition for readmission.
Disciplinary Probation -- Probationary status resulting from a violation of the Honor Code
Suspension -- Student is denied permission to continue at the School of Law for a specific period of time due to violation of the Honor Code.
Readmitted -- Readmitted by faculty action or by re-examination
Explusion -- Student is permanently denied permission to continue at the School of Law due to violation of the Honor Code